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Zambia - The Constitution of Zambia Act Index Page Document Table of Contents

    { Adopted on: 24 Aug 1991 }
    { Enacted on: 30 Aug 1991 }
    { ICL Document Status: 30 Aug 1991 }

An Act to provide for a new Constitution of the Republic of Zambia and to repeal the Constitution of Zambia Act, 1973, and the Constitution scheduled thereto, and to provide for matters connected with or incidental to the foregoing.
 

Section 1  [Short title]

This Act may be cited as the Constitution of Zambia Act, 1991.
 

Section 2  [Interpretation]

(1) In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires --
"Constitution" means the Constitution set out in the Schedule to this Act;
"the existing Constitution" means the Constitution of Zambia, 1973, in force immediately before the commencement of this Act;
"existing law" means all law, whether a rule of law or a provision of an Act of Parliament or of any other enactment or instrument whatsoever (including any Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom or Order of Her Majesty in Council), having effect as part of the law of Zambia or party thereof immediately before the commencement of this Act, and includes any Act of Parliament or statutory instrument made before such commencement and coming into force on such commencement or thereafter.
(2) Except where the context requires, words and expressions used in this Act have the same meaning as in the Constitution.
 

Section 3  [Repeal of Constitution of Zambia Act, 1973, and Schedule Thereto]

(1) The Constitution of Zambia Act, 1973, and the Constitution in the schedule thereto, except for Part VI, are repealed in so far as they form part of the laws of Zambia.
(2) Part VI of the existing Constitution shall stand repealed on the date set for the holding of elections to the office of the President and the National Assembly under the Constitution.
 

Section 4  [Commencement of the Constitution]

Subject to the other provisions of this Act, the Constitution set out in the Schedule to this Act shall come into operation on the commencement of this Act.
 

Section 5  [Printing and Publication of the Constitution]

The Constitution may be printed and published by the Government Printer separately from this Act, and the production of a copy of the Constitution purporting to be so printed shall be prima facie in all courts and for all purposes whatsoever of the Constitution and its provisions.
 

Section 6  [Existing Laws]

(1) Subject to the other provisions of this Act, and so far as they are not inconsistent with the Constitution, the existing laws shall continue in force after the commencement of this Act as they had been made in pursuance of the Constitution, but shall be construed with such modifications, adaptations, qualifications and exceptions as may be necessary to bring them into conformity with the Constitution.
(2) The President may be statutory instrument at any time within two years of the commencement of this Act, make such amendment to any existing law as may appear to him to be necessary or expedient for bringing that law into conformity with the provisions of this Act or the Constitution or otherwise for giving effect or enabling effect to be given to those provisions.
(3) Where any matter that fails to be prescribed or otherwise provided for under the Constitution by Parliament or by any other authority or person is prescribed or provided for by or under any existing law, including any amendment to any such law made under this section, or is otherwise prescribed or provided for immediately before the commencement of the Act by or under the law repealed by Section 3, that prescription or provision shall, as from the commencement of this Act, have effect as if it had been made under the Constitution by Parliament or, as the case may be, the other authority or person.
(4) This section shall be without prejudice to any powers conferred by this Act or the Constitution upon any person or authority to make provision for any matter, including the amendment or repeal of any existing law.
 

Section 7  [Prerogatives and Privileges of the President]

Where under the existing law any prerogatives or privileges are vested in the President these prerogatives or privileges shall, after the announcement of this Act, continue to vest in the President.
 

Section 8  [Continuation in Office of President]

The person holding the office of President immediately before the commencement of this Act shall, unless he ceases to hold office by virtue of the provisions of Article 34 or 35 of the Constitution or resigns, continue in office and shall exercise the executive powers of the President under the existing Constitution until the person elected at the first election to the office of President under the Constitution assumes office.
 

Section 9  [Existing Offices]

(1) Where any office has been established by or under the law repealed by Section 3 and the Constitution establishes a similar or an equivalent office, any person who immediately before the commencement of this Act holds or is acting in the former office shall, so far as is consistent with the Constitution, be deemed to have been appointed, elected or designated as from the commencement of this Act to hold or to act in the latter office in accordance with the Constitution and to have taken the oath of allegiance and any other necessary oath under the Constitution: Provided that any person who, under the law repealed under Section 3 or any other existing law, would have been required to vacate his office at the expiration of any period or on the attainment of any age shall vacate his office at the expiration of that period or upon the attainment of that age.
(2) Any person holding the office of Prime Minister, Secretary of State for Defence and Security, Minister, Minster of State and Parliamentary Secretary under the existing Constitution immediately before the commencement of the Constitution shall continue in office and shall exercise the powers conferred on them by the existing Constitution until the new office bearers in the new Government under the Constitution assume office.
(3) Subject to the provision of the Constitution relating to persons in public employment, any person who is a public officer and who immediately before the commencement of this Act holds any office in, or is seconded to, the United National Independence Party shall continue to be a public officer in the Civil Service of the Government after the commencement of this Act.
(4) The President may, at any time after the commencement of this Act, require any person who continues in office by virtue of this section to take an oath of allegiance and any oath for the due execution of his office that is prescribed by or under any Act of Parliament.
(5) This section shall be without prejudice to --
(a) the provisions of Section 10; and
(b) any powers conferred by or under the Constitution upon any person or authority to make provision for the abolition of offices or the removal of any person holding or acting in any office.
 

Section 10  [The National Assembly]

(1) Subject to subsection (2), the National Assembly constituted under the law repealed by Section 3 (hereinafter referred to as "the existing National Assembly") shall be the National Assembly during the period beginning on the commencement of this Act and ending on the date set for the holding of elections to the office of President and the National Assembly under the Constitution.
(2) The persons who immediately before the commencement of this Act are the elected or nominated members of the existing National Assembly shall continue to be members of the National Assembly during the period beginning on the Commencement of this Act and ending on the date set for the holding of elections to the office of President and the National Assembly under the Constitution, and, in the case of elected members, shall be deemed to have been elected to the National Assembly to represent the same constituencies as the constituencies for which they were respectively elected.
(3) The persons who immediately before the commencement of this Act are the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker of the existing National Assembly shall continue to be respectively the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker of the National Assembly during the period beginning on the commencement of this Act and ending on the date set for the holding of elections to the office of the National Assembly under the Constitution.
(4) As the functions and powers vested in Parliament by the existing Constitution shall be exercised, during the period beginning on the commencement of this Act and ending on the date set for the holding of elections to the office of President and Parliament, by the existing Parliament in accordance with the existing Constitution.
(5) The rules and orders of the existing National Assembly as in force immediately before the commencement of this Act shall, until it is otherwise provided for under Article 86 of the Constitution, be the rules of procedure of the National Assembly but shall be construed with such modifications, adaptations, qualifications and exceptions as may be necessary to bring them into conformity with the Constitution.
(6) Any person who under this section continued to be the Speaker, Deputy Speaker or a member of the National Assembly after the commencement of this act shall be deemed to have taken the necessary oath under the Constitution.
(7) All moneys granted, voted or appropriated by the existing National Assembly in respect of the services of the Republic for the current financial year shall be deemed to have been granted, voted or appropriated by the National Assembly established by Part V of the Constitution, and in accordance with the Constitution.
 

Section 11  [Succession to Property and Assets]

(1) Subject to this Act and the Constitution, all property of every nature and kind whatsoever and all assets that immediately before the commencement of this Act were vested in, or held in trust for, the President or in any other person in right of or for the purposes of the Government of Zambia shall after the commencement of this Act continue to be so vested or held in trust, as the case may be.
(2) The transfer and vesting of all rights, liabilities and obligations to or in the President on behalf of the Government of Zambia by virtue of section 20 of the Zambia Independence Order, 1964, Appendix I of the Revised Edition, is, for avoidance of any doubt, hereby confirmed.
(3) Any property which, immediately before the commencement of this Act, was liable to escheat or to be forfeited to the President for the purposes of the Government of Zambia shall, after the commencement of this Act, be liable to escheat or to be forfeited to the President on behalf of the Government of Zambia.
 

Section 12  [Rights, Liabilities and Obligations]

All rights, liabilities and obligations of the President or any public officer on behalf of the Government of Zambia before the commencement of this Act shall, on and after the commencement of this Act, be rights, liabilities and obligations of the President or such public officer, as the case may be, on behalf of the Government of Zambia.
 

Section 13  [Legal Proceedings]

(1) All proceedings that, immediately before the commencement of this Act, are pending before any court established by or under the law repealed by Section 3 may be continued and concluded before the corresponding court established by or under the Constitution.
(2) Any decision given before the commencement of this Act by any court as aforesaid shall, for the purpose of its enforcement or for the purpose of any appeal therefrom have effect, after the commencement of this Act as if it were a decision of the corresponding court established by or under the Constitution.
 

Section 14  [Transitional Provisions]

(1) All rights and obligations under conventions, treaties or agreements which were exercisable by or binding upon the Government of Zambia immediately before the commencement of this Act shall continue to be so exercisable and binding.
(2) All functions which immediately before the commencement of this Act were vested in the President or in any other authority shall, as far as the same continue in existence and are capable of being exercised after the commencement of this Act, be vested in the President or the authority exercising similar functions under the Constitution, as the case may be, except such functions as are by this Act or any other law vested in some other authority.
 

Section 15  [Continuation of Declaration under Article 30 or 31 of Existing Constitution]

Any declaration made under Article 30 of the existing constitution shall continue in force until the first sitting of the National Assembly under the Constitution and shall be deemed to be a declaration made under Article 30 or 31 of the Constitution.
 

Section 16  [Appeals in Respect of Certain Decisions Affecting Pensions and Like Benefits]

(1) The following provisions of this section shall have effect for the purpose of enabling any officer to whom this section applies or his personal representatives to appeal against a decision to which this section applies, that is to say a decision within the following clauses:
(a) a decision of the appropriate Commission to give such concurrence as is required by Article 134 of the existing Constitution in relation to the refusal, withholding, reduction in amount or suspension of any benefits in respect of such an officer's service as a public officer;
(b) a decision by any authority to remove such an officer from office if the consequence of the removal is that benefits cannot be granted in respect of the officer's service as a public officer;
(c) a decision by any authority to take some other disciplinary action in relation to such an officer if the consequence of the action is to reduce the amount of any benefits that may be granted in respect of the officer's service as a public officer.
(2) Where any decision such as is referred to in subsection (1) is taken by any authority, the authority shall cause to be delivered to the officer concerned, or his personal representatives, a written notice of that decision stating the time, not being less than twenty-eight days from the date on which the notice is delivered, within which he, or his personal representatives, may apply to the authority for the case to be referred to an Appeals Board.
(3) If application is duly made to an authority within the time stated in such a notice as is mentioned in subsection (2) for a case to be referred to an Appeals Board, the authority shall notify the President in writing of that application and the President shall appoint an Appeals Board for that purpose consisting of --
(a) one member selected by the President;
(b) one member selected by an association representative of public officers or a professional body, nominated in either case by the applicant; and
(c) one member selected by the two other members jointly (or, in default of agreement between those members, by the Chief Justice) who shall be the Chairman of the Board.
(4) Such an Appeals Board shall inquire into the facts of the case that is referred to it, and for that purpose the Board --
(a) shall, if the applicant so requests in writing, hear the applicant either in person or by a legal representative of his choice, according to the terms of the request;
(b) may hear any other person who, in the opinion of the Board, is able to give the Board information on the case; and
(c) shall have access to, and shall consider, all documents that were available to the authority concerned and shall also consider any further document relating to the case that may be produced by or on behalf of the applicant or the authority.
(5) When such an Appeals Board has completed its consideration of the case, then --
(a) if the decision that is the subject of the reference to the Board is a decision such as is mentioned in paragraph (a) of subsection (1), the Board shall advise the appropriate Commission whether the decision should be affirmed, reversed or modified and the Commission shall act in accordance with that advice;
(b) if the decision that is the subject of the reference to the Board is a decision such as is mentioned in paragraph (b) or (c) of subjection (1), the Board shall not have power to advise the authority responsible for making the decision to affirm, reverse or notify the decision but the Board may advise the authority responsible for granting the benefits in question --
(i) where the officer has been removed from office, to grant all or part of the benefits for which the officer concerned would have been eligible under any law if he had retired voluntarily at the date of the dismissal; or
(ii) where some other disciplinary action has been taken in relation to the officer, that on the grant of any benefits under any law in respect of the officer's service such benefits shall be increased by such amount, or shall be calculated in such manner, as the Board may specify in order to offset all or any part of the reduction in the amount of such benefits that, in the opinion of the Board, would or might otherwise be a consequence of the action; and that authority shall act in accordance with that advice the provisions of that law shall have effect accordingly.
(6) In this section --
"the appropriate Commission" has the meaning assigned to it in clause (3) of Article 134 of the existing Constitution or after the commencement of this Constitution, under this Constitution;
"pensions benefits" has the meaning assigned to it in clause (5) of Article 143 of the existing Constitution.
(7) This section applies to any officer who on the 24 Oct 1964, was on pensionable conditions of service and --
(a) was designated under the Overseas Service Aid Scheme; or
(b) was immediately before the 24 Oct 1964, a member of Her Majesty's Overseas Civil Service or Her Majesty's Overseas Judiciary; or
(c) whose conditions of service included an entitlement to free overseas passages from Zambia for the purpose of leave of absence upon the completion of a tour of duty; or
(d) was not a citizen of Zambia.
 

Section 17  [Compulsory Retirement of Non-Citizens]

Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this Act or the Constitution the President may, with a view to securing the appointment of citizens of Zambia to public offices direct retirement from public office of any person who is not a citizen of Zambia. Provided that no person shall be retired under the provisions of this section unless notice in writing is given to him specifying the date of retirement which shall not be earlier than six months from the date on which such notice is received by him.

For methodology see: Comparing Constitutions and International Constitutional Law.
© 1994 - May 29th, 2010 / For corrections please contact A. Tschentscher.