Constitutional Background

Hawaii is not an independent state. It is a state of the United States of America.  However, the Hawai'i Nation Organization claims its independence and proffers a number of documents as constitutional texts at their legal home page. The "Constitution" adopted on 16 Jan 1994 is presented here in an ICL edition.  It should not be confused with the official The Constitution of the State of Hawaii.

History and News

  • 16 Jan 1994: Proclamation of Restoration of the Independent and Sovereign Nation-State of Hawai'i and adoption of a "Constitution"  by the Unanimous Consent in a Convention in Honolulu.
  • 27 Nov 1993: U.S. President William J. Clinton signs an "Apology Resolution" of the U.S. Congress.
  • 18 March 1959: "Statehood Admissions Act" makes Hawaii the 50th state of the U.S.A.
  • 30 April 1900: "Hawaiian Organic Act" provides a Government for the territory of Hawaii.
  • 7 July 1898: "Newlands Resolution" of U.S. Congress provides for annexing the Hawaiian Islands to the United States.
  • 18 Dec 1893: U.S. President Grover Cleveland acknowledges violation of Hawaiian sovereignty and calls for a restoration of Hawaiian monarchy (which never happened).
  • 17 Jan 1893: Official protest of Queen Liliuokalani after the Kingdom of Hawaii is overthrown by non-Hawaiian residents in conspiration with the U.S.A.
  • 1826: U.S.A. recognizes independence of the Kingdom of Hawaii.
  • 1778: Rediscovery and arrival of the first Europeans.
  • 1555: First discovery by Spanish explorers.

For methodology see: Comparing Constitutions and International Constitutional Law.
© 1994 - 27.6.2020 / For corrections please contact A. Tschentscher.