The Yemeni Constitution has been substantially amended (52 clauses) in 1994, following the civil war of that year. The changes were adopted by parliament on 29 Sep 1994. The ICL edition does not yet include the amendments.
The Republic of Yemen was established by proclamation on 22 May 1990. It was created by merging the former Yemen Arab Republic (North Yemen, Capital: Sanaa) which had become independent from the Ottoman Empire in 1918 with the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen (South Yemen, Capital: Aden) which had gained independence from the United Kingdom on 30 Nov 1967.
Politics are dominated by the General People's Congress Party (GPC) of President Ali Abdullah Saleh. The islamist party Islah used to be GPC's junior partner, but now is its main election rival. The opposition includes the southern Yemen Socialist Party.
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