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Constitutional Background

The Constitution has been significantly amended in October 1998 by inserting a new Chapter VIII on fundamental rights.  That chapter replaces the 1991 Constitutional Law about the Rights and Obligations of a Citizen and a Person; the old document is still available as an ICL edition.

History and News

  • 1998: Amendment to the 1922/1991 constitution inserting a new Chapter VIII on fundamental rights.
  • 1991: Amendment to the 1922 constitution providing for basic rights and freedoms.
  • 6 Sep 1991: Independence from Soviet Union.
  • 1922: First constitution adopted.
  • 18 Nov 1918: Independence day.

For methodology see: Comparing Constitutions and International Constitutional Law.
© 1994 - December 16th, 2010 / For corrections please contact A. Tschentscher.