VerfassungsgeschichteVerfassungsvergleichVerfassungsrechtRechtsphilosophie
OverviewCountriesKeysPersonsOrganizationsLinksDownloadSynonyms...

Germany Index
World Factbook Country Map World FactbookYahoo! Country LinksWorld Election Results

Constitutional Background

All amendments up to and including those of 2012 have been incorporated into this consolidated ICL edition of the constitution. An annotated version of the ICL-edition is available as a book (ISBN 9-783-8370-0712-1) and the most recent annotated text in PDF-Format is available as a free download at http://ssrn.com/abstract=1501131.

History and News

  • 27 Oct 1994: 42nd Constitutional amendment -- a major revision introducing, among other rules, affirmative action for women (Art. 3) and environmental protection (Art. 20a).
  • 28 June 1993: 39th Constitutional amendment -- a major revision restricting asylum provisions.
  • 24 June 1968: 17th Constitutional amendment -- a major revision introducing emergency procedures.
  • 19 March 1956: 7th Constitutional amendment -- a major revision ("Wehrpflichtnovelle") re-introducing the draft.
  • 23 May 1949: Constitution adopted under the name "Basic Law" ("Grundgesetz").

For methodology see: Comparing Constitutions and International Constitutional Law.
© 1994 - October 8th, 2013 / For corrections please contact A. Tschentscher.