One distinct feature of the constitution is the priority of socialist public property over the "system of exploitation of man by man" (Art. 6). Throughout the economic amendments of recent years, that feature has been kept in the constitution.
The 'Chinese Declaration of Human Rights', a 1979 document of the Chinese Human Rights Alliance, has been published on Democracy Wall on Peking's Tian'anmen Square. It is no official document.
Executions: China executes more people each year than the rest of the world together. 1996, there were still 68 crimes punishable by death (up from 21 in 1980) and 6,100 AI-reported death sentences with 4,367 confirmed executions under a "strike-hard" campaign.
Separatism and other chinese entities: The Uighurs, a nationalist minority of Turkic origin (numbers varying between 9 and 22 million), consider China's government in the north-western province Xinjiang (East Turkestan) as occupation and strive for regaining the independence they had in 1944-1949 as the 'Republic of East Turkestan'. They are supported by Uighurs in neighboring Kazakhstan where an exiled Regional Uighur Association under Kakharman Khozhamberdi is located. China's population policy in the area (forced abortion, encouraged Uighur-Chinese marriages) has led to a majority of Chinese in the region where formerly were only about 5% ethnic Chinese. There are separate pages for the unacknowledged chinese countries of Tibet (occupied by China) and Taiwan (declared a "renegade province" by China).
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