The ICL-edition of the Constitution is based on an improved (though inofficial) translation. It also consolidates all amendments until 2003.
History and News
- 2004: Act No. CIV amends the Constitution.
- Aug/Sep 2004: Medgyessy resigned; Prime Minister Ferenc Gyurcsány.
- May 2004: Hungary became a member of the EU.
- 2003: Act No. CIX amends the Constitution.
- 2003: Referendum on accession to the EU (83,76% - Yes)
- 2002: Negotiations for accession in the EU successfully concluded.
- Apr 2002: Parliamentary elections, won by the Hungarian Socialist Party (MSzP). Coalition government with the Liberal-Democrats (SzDSz), headed by Prime Minister Péter Medgyessy.
- 2002: Act No. LXI amends the Constitution.
- 2001: Act No. XLII amends the Constitution.
- Aug 2000: Ferenc Mádl elected as President by the Parliament, for a five year term.
- 2000: Act No. XCI amends the Constitution.
- March 1999: Hungary became full member of NATO.
- Nov 1998: Accession negotiations with EU begins.
- May 1998: Parliamentary elections, won by the Hungarian Civic Alliance (FIDESZ-MPP), which forms a coalition with the Independent Smallholders' Party (FKgP) and Hungarian Democratic Forum (MDF) under Prime Minister Viktor Orbán.
- March 1998: First (screening) phase of EU accession negotiations begins.
- Dec 1997: Hungary invited to begin accession negotiations with the European Union at the European Council meeting in Luxembourg. Protocol of Accession to NATO signed.
- 1997: Act No. LIX and Act No. XCVIII amends the Constitution.
- 19 June 1995: Hungary's President is re-elected for another five-year term. His office carries nearly not much power.
- 1995: Act No. XLIV amends the Constitution.
- Apr 1994: Hungay applies for EU accession.
- May 1994: Second free elections, won by the Hungarian Socialist Party. Coalition formed with the Alliance of Free Democrats, under Prime Minister Gyula Horn.
- 1994: Act No. LXI, Act No. LXXIII and Act No. LXXIV amends the Constitution.
- 1993: Act No. CVII amends the Constitution.
- Dec 1991: Association Agreement signed with the EC (in force since 1 February 1994).
- Nov 1990: Hungary joins the Council of Europe.
- March/Apr 1990: First free elections after 45 years, and the victory of the conservative Hungarian Democratic Forum. Cabinet under Prime Minister József Antall.
- 1990: Act No. XVI, Act No. XXIX, Act No. XL, Act No. XLIV, Act No. LIV and Act No. LXIII amends the Constitution.
- 1989: Fundamental amendments to the 1949 Constitution. The Act No. XXXI. transforms, basically, the Stalinist Constitution in a new fundamental law, establishing the rule of law and democracy.
- Sep 1989: Hungary opens its borders to Germans from the GDR.
- 1988: The transition period from communism towards democracy began.
- 1956: Popular uprising, which gradually turned into a revolution, broke out against the communist regime. The revolution was crushed by Soviet troops. In 1958, Imre Nagy was executed.
- 20 Aug 1949: The Hungarian Constitution [The Act No. XX from 1949], based on the 1936 Soviet fundamental law, is adopted. The Constitution gives the formal basis of Communist Dictature.
For methodology see:
Comparing Constitutions and International Constitutional Law.
1994 - December 16th, 2010
/ For corrections please contact