Iceland Index
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Constitutional Background

The world's oldest parliament was established in Iceland (The Althing, in 930).  The country was ruled by Norway and Denmark, attaining independence in 1944.

History and News

  • 17 June 1944: Independence from Denmark.
  • 16 June 1944: Constitution adopted; in force since 17 June.
  • 1874: Limited home rule granted to Iceland.
  • 930: Establishment of the world's first parliament, the Althing.

For methodology see: Comparing Constitutions and International Constitutional Law.
© 1994 - December 21st, 2010 / For corrections please contact A. Tschentscher.