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Constitutional Background

The 1985 Constitution establishes a unicameral Congress and a one-term presidency. It also provides for a Human Rights Ombudsman.

The 43,000 man army has considerable legal autonomy and dominates all security and intelligence matters. An estimated 430,000 man in Civil Defense Patrols (PAC) are controling rural areas. Military, PACs, and guerilla groups all committed serious human rights violations.

The leftist Guatemala National Revolutionary Unity (URNG) concluded a human rights accord with the government in March 1995.

History and News

  • 5 Nov 1995: Presidential, congressional, and municipal elections.
  • March 1995: Human rights accord with URNG.
  • 5 June 1993: Congress elects Ramiro De Leon Carpio after president Jorge Serrano is constitutionally deposed from office for his attempt to seize full power.
  • 1985: Constitution is adopted.

For methodology see: Comparing Constitutions and International Constitutional Law.
© 1994 - December 18th, 2010 / For corrections please contact A. Tschentscher.