New Zealand Index
World Factbook Country Map World FactbookYahoo! Country LinksWorld Election Results

Constitutional Background

New Zealand, like Canda and Israel, has no written constitution in one single document, but rather a number of Basic Laws.  A fundamental law is the Treaty of Waitangi, establishing British sovereignty on 6 Feb 1840 and marking the national holiday; there are continuing differences about the correct translation of the document signed by the indigenous people.

History and News

  • 27 Nov 1999: Labour party wins parliamentary elections resulting in the nomination of Helen Clark for Prime Minister.
  • 1997: Jenny Shipley (National Party) is appointed as New Zealand's first woman Prime Minister without prior elections.
  • 12 Oct 1996: General elections are won by the National Party.
  • 1990: The national government of Jim Bolger (National Party) is elected.
  • 26 Sep 1907: Independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 6 Feb 1840: British sovereignty officially established by the Treaty of Waitangi.

For methodology see: Comparing Constitutions and International Constitutional Law.
© 1994 - December 16th, 2010 / For corrections please contact A. Tschentscher.