Papua New Guinea Index
Sir Julius Chan is the current (1996) Prime Minister in Papua New Guniea (PNG), Michael Somare is the opposition leader.
In the South of Bougainville island, the separatist Bougainville Revolutionary Army (BRA) are fighting the government since 1988. They are controlling the central and southern districts together with the BRA-friendly Bougainville Interim Government (BIG). The ongoing dispute orginates in the islanders' claim against a copper mine to fill in a huge hole in land considered sacred. Bougainville wants to become separate or associate with the Solomon Islands, their closer neighbors. The North is dominated by violent action of the pro-PNG Resistance Auxiliary Troops. The Bougainville Transitional Government (BTG), nominated by Chan (PNG) and located in Buka, a small separate island to the north of the main island of Bougainville, has never gained effective control. Its leader, Theodore Miriung, who wanted to bring peace to Bougainville, was assassinated at his wife's home on 12 Oct 1996. An enquiry headed by a Sri Lankan judge resolved that he has been killed by a group of PNG soldiers and two Resistance leaders.
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