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Netherlands Index
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Constitutional Background

The Kingdom of the Netherlands is a constitutional Monarchy.  It consists of 12 administrative provinces and has dependent areas from its times as a colonial power (Aruba, Antilles). Historically, the Netherlands were one of the first Republics in modern time constitutional history.

History and News

  • 12 Sep 2012: Elections for the dissolved Parliament.
  • 25 April 2012: Prime Minister Mark Rutte dissolves the Parliament at the request of the Queen Beatrix.
  • 23 April 2012: Prime Minister Mark Rutte submits the resignation of his cabinet to the Queen Beatrix.
  • 14 Oct 2010: Mark Rutte is elected as the new Prime Minister.
  • 27 June 2008: Amendment of the Constitution
  • 16 March 2006: Amendment of the Constitution
  • 1 June 2005: The people reject the referendum, which concerns the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe.
  • 20 Jan 2005: Amendment of the Constitution
  • 7 Feb 2002: Amendment of the Constitution
  • 22 June 2000: Amendment of the Constitution
  • 6 Oct 1999: Amendment of the Constitution
  • 25 Feb 1999: Amendment of the Constitution
  • 10 July 1995: Amendment of the Constitution
  • 3 June 1987: Amendment of the Constitution
  • 17 Feb 1983: Thorough Revision of the Constitution.
  • 30 April 1980: Accession of Queen Beatrix to the throne.
  • 6 Sep 1948: Accession of Queen Juliana to the throne.
  • 6 Sep 1898: Accession of Queen Wilhelmina to the throne, soon after her 18th birthday on 31 Aug.
  • 1815: Adoption of the Constitution.
  • 1814: Proclamation of Prince Frederic Wiliam as king. Foundation of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
  • 1813: Defeat of Napoleon; return of Prince Frederic Wiliam.
  • 1795: Occupation by France.
  • 1648: The Repulic is recognised in international law in the Treaty of Muenster/Westphalia, thereby formalizing the independence from Spain.
  • 1581: Removal of Philip II from his feudal rights by the "Act of Abjuration" of the Estates-General.
  • 1579: Independence from Spain.
  • 1568: Open revolt against King Philip in some areas of the netherlands.

For methodology see: Comparing Constitutions and International Constitutional Law.
© 1994 - April 3rd, 2016 / Thanks to A. Meister. / For corrections please contact A. Tschentscher.