The current Romanian Constitution was adopted in November 1991, and came into force after the referendum on 8 December 1991. The Constitution was ammended for the firs time in 2003.
Romania's Constitution provides a "Right to Dispose of Oneself" (Art. 26
) and sets the maximum daily working hours to eight (Art. 38
). The Constitution specifies the right to property also by guaranteeing governmental debts (Art. 41
). It explicitly provides for martrimonial equality, legitimacy equality, and civil marriage (Art. 44
). The constitutionality of laws and orders can be submitted to judicial review even before they are adopted (Art. 77
). Romania's President has a very powerful office, informally controlling foreign affairs, defence, police, secret service, and appointment of the Prime Minister. The mandate of the President was prolonged from 4 years to a 5 years term in 2003. In November 2004 will be elected for the first time a President for the 5 years mandate.